Charles Henry Turner was the first African American psychologist. He was also a biologist, an educator, and a zoologist.
Turner was born in Cincinatti, Ohio on February 3, 1867. His father owned a large collection of books, and Turner began to read, and became interested in insects.
He attended Woodward High School, and he then earned his B.S at the University of Cincinatti in 1891. He earned his Masters in biology the following year. Afterwards, he decided to get married and have three children.
Turner was the first scientist to prove that insects can hear and distinguish different pitches. He also discovered that honeybees can see color, and that roaches can learn by trial and error.
Turner decided to move to St. Louis to teach at Sumner High School until 1922. He published more than 70 research papers during his career.
Turner moved to Chicago to live with his son in 1922. He died on February 14, 1923.
A school for disabled African American children was opened and named after him in St. Louis, two years after his death.