An African American lawyer, publisher and newspaper editor. Robert Abbott founded the Chicago Defender, a black owned newspaper.
Abbott was born in 1870 to enslaved parents in Georgia. He attended Hampton Institute in Virginia then graduated from Kent Law school in 1899. He started publishing the Chicago Defender in 1905.
The newspaper spoke against racial injustice and lynching in the south. The newspaper was banned in different places in the south. Abbott convinced African Americans to move north. He was able to get railroad porters to deliver the newspapers south.
Over one million blacks migrated north. Majority of them moved to Chicago.
Abbott became a millionaire from the sales of his newspapers.
After his death in 1940, his newspaper was still a success.
For more information, visit: http://www.blackpast.org/aah/abbott-robert-sengstacke-1870-1940