Okay, let’s keep the black history facts going. Today we are turning our attention to Marcus Garvey. Garvey was a Jamaican political leader who stood for the rights of blacks. He was also a journalist, a publicist, and an entrepreneur.
Garvey was born on August 17, 1887 in Jamaica. After his move to New York in 1916, he established the Negro World Newspaper and Negro Factories Corporation. His Universal Negro Improvement Association was the largest organization in African-American History in the 1920’s.
Garvey was determined to end imperialist rule and modernize society in Africa. His newspaper knitted black communities on three continents. He also wanted independence for all African countries and a United States for Africa.
To make this plan work, blacks would have to be transported to Africa.
It was clear that Garvey was very powerful with the moves he made and speeches he gave. He had enemies, such as J. Edgar Hoover and W.E.B Du Boise. Garvey was indicted for mail fraud and convicted in 1923. In 1925 he was imprisoned and deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Garvey died in 1940 due to a stroke. In Jamaica, he is proclaimed the first national hero. He was an inspiration to every black movement in America and different parts of Africa.